The FTE Illusion

008-Yola-Co-and-the-FTE-team-1000x456Working as an Agile coach I am often told by Scrum Masters or Product Owners how they cannot understand how a 5-person team cannot become as productive as they should be in Scrum.

Lately, I have been asking the follow up question: Do you count FTE (Full-time Equivalent) or actual persons when you say “a 5- person team”?

Within companies people are often considered to be resources (hence the department Human Resources). The problem I see with this is that humans are NOT resources at all. We cannot assume that one person can be equally effective when they have to work in four teams at the same time.

FTE is effective if you want to reduce costs or to throw a wannabe project a bone, or to give your program director a project plan that looks favorable enough to get the funding you need to get started. Within Agile however the FTE illusion is the cause of a lot of pain.

My assumption (and I hate assumptions) when a company chooses Agile is usually that they will put dedicated teams on the products they want to develop. An assumption that has proven wrong in many companies that I have helped to transform from traditional to Agile.

Agile is built on four pillars, of which the most important one is Communication. The Agile manifesto states “Individuals and Interaction are preferred above Processes and Tools”. Individuals, NOT FTE’s are preferred and their interaction. This is what Scrum Masters will focus on. To increase, for instance, the communication between Product Owners and Development teams.

A problem that arises when you start measuring teams in FTE and not assigning full people to those positions is overhead. If a person is .5 FTE in one team and .5 FTE in another, the ceremonies and meetings will still be double for both team-positions. This problem also comes up when a Scrum Master is not dedicated to one team. I have been a Scrum Master to more than one (in fact even four) team. The teams were also working on the same portfolio so they were synchronized.

Every Sprint end and start I was looking for ways to accommodate and facilitate all the teams I served. And since cloning is still in its infancy I was physically unable to attend all the meetings and ceremonies. Agile helps teams and individuals focus and also helps in reaping higher performance.

Please keep in mind that individuals are undividable.

This  article was previously published in SogetiLabsBlog


Julya van Berkel is an Agile adept and coach and has been championing Agile and Scrum since 2007. In her role as Agile Coach Julya has helped numerous clients and colleagues in getting better at Agile and as teaches she has set up and taught hundreds of Agile and Scrum trainings and courses. For Sogeti in the Netherlands she helps set the direction in Agile and is involved in many groups within Sogeti and outside in the Agile community.

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Como parte del Grupo Capgemini, Sogeti opera en más de 100 localizaciones a nivel mundial. Trabajando estrechamente con clientes y socios para aprovechar al máximo las oportunidades de la tecnología, Sogeti combina agilidad y velocidad de implementación para diseñar soluciones innovadoras enfocadas al futuro en Digital Assurance & Testing, Cloud y Ciberseguridad, y todo ello, impulsado por IA y automatización. Con su enfoque práctico y su pasión por la tecnología, Sogeti ayuda a las organizaciones a implementar su transformación digital a gran velocidad. Si quieres conocer nuestro "Value in the making", visítanos en

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