Teams need to move fast, every action which results in wait time must be minimized to zero. Teams need to move flexible, context changes must be easy adoptable by the team and the system they realize.
Development environments are hard to setup with mostly big hardware requirements. For example setting up a SharePoint 2013 development machine requires a lot of knowledge and time on an very powerful machine. http://blah.winsmarts.com/2012-10-SharePoint_2013_Development_Machine_-_Now_Available.aspx
The necessity to have the proper hardware, read the book install, configure and setup the environment will probably slow down the onboarding of a new team member.
The same goes for the environments that are used by testers. Testers need environments to plan, specify and execute tests just like every developer needs his own machine to develop on the solution. This means the organization needs to provide appropriate environments not only to the developers but also to the testers.
For just a normal development team it will work like explained in this video and diagram: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_CL-ttdk5cU
It gets interesting when the team runs sprints of one week and deliver every week a new increment. An increment which needs to be installed on a clean environment. With for this example a clean SharePoint environment, ready for validation. And, let’s say the team releases every four sprints a release for validation by customers an environment, which has the same characteristics as the production environment must be available.
Asking the supporting operations department first every week a new integration and test server and every month a clean ‘production like’ environment will make them crazy. Probably operational rules will even make this an not supported scenario and slows down the team in delivering value.
Two activities; onboarding of team members (Development), and the availability of environments (Test and Acceptance) are slowing down the team. Not only the complexity, but primarily the company dependencies (approval) which come with these activities bring teams value delivery to a full stop.
Dev and Test Platforms as a Service.
Virtualization is getting mainstream, even IaaS (Infrastructure as a Service) is wildly adopted, teams are using them, the benefit can get higher. Ready-to-use platforms easy to spin up for team members. Microsoft already delivers a Platform (Azure VM Template) preinstalled with Visual Studio 2013. http://www.windowsazure.com/en-us/solutions/dev-test/ (see screenshot)
Not only the pre-installed and configured VM’s from Microsoft can be used for this scenario, also the community started to make VM’s http://www.hanselman.com/blog/Over400VirtualMachineImagesOfOpenSourceSoftwareStacksInTheVMDepotAzureGallery.aspx
The other dependencies
The tools are there, team members are powered with the capabilities they need to have. Now we get to the biggest problem, company policy and restrictions. Who is going to pay the bill?
Probably a complete sign off mechanism starts when a team needs something. A request for a new laptop is formalized in a full workflow with signatures on multiple documents, only getting approved with a proper business case it will probably take a few weeks, two when its fast but when someone is on vacation six till eight weeks. This same request – approval process is used for cloud possibilities. Cloud possibilities which are needed to move teams fast and flexible. This is definitely counterproductive and this dependency need to be solved fast.
Give the power to create environments in the hands of the people who need them. Then teams are ready to get along with the current development (and test) practices to move fast, flexible and deliver business value add a cadence the business needs.
Clemens Reijnen is a management consultant at Sogeti, specializes in Application Lifecycle Management, he gives VS2010 ALM courses throughout Europe, created the certified Agile TMap testing process template for TFS2010 and is a frequent speaker at conferences.
Clemens is vice president of the Dutch IASA chapter. His experience encompasses a deep knowledge and experience in software development.
You can catch Clemens on his technical blog at www.clemensreijnen.nl. Clemens also co-authored the book, Collaboration in the Cloud: How Cross-Boundary Is Transforming Business.